CFCL's m-CHP fuel cell is aimed for the European housing market, which is experiencing significant change in the rate of energy consumption.  For example, in Germany during the past 20 years, significant efforts have been underway to improve the energy efficiency of buildings, including residential buildings.  Buildings constructed prior to 1985 and in particular during the building boom after the war are ‘energy hungry', but government incentives are in place to encourage owners to renovate and upgrade these buildings.  Renovations that lead to at least 40kg in Carbon Dioxide reduction per square metre/per year can be funded with low interest loans, with tax incentives also available.

For more information visit the German language websites of the:
German Energy Agency 
Federal Ministry for Traffic, Building and Town Development

Within Germany, older buildings are significantly less efficient that newer constructions.

German Building Heating Requirements
German Building Heating Requirements

Analysis of German housing stock shows that the average of the residential building stock uses about 220kWh/sq. metre per year in heating energy.  Whereas buildings built to current standards use 110-150kWh/sq. metre per year and low energy houses consume 40-70kWh/sq. metre per year. (German Energy Agency)

In addition, high energy prices will be a further incentive to make buildings more energy efficient.  This has significant impact on the heating appliances sold into this market - which is important for CFCL's appliance development partners and CFCL's fuel cell.  Modern condensing burners have efficiencies of greater than 90% and therefore it makes little sense to develop a CHP unit only focussing on using the heat output from the generation technology (e.g. combustion engines).  CFCL's therefore aims to develop a highly efficient electric generator that produces little heat - just enough to satisfy hot water requirements in the home (less than half a kW) for a CHP application with additional heat supplied by an auxiliary burner when required.